All colors are created out of a combination of three primary colors – red, yellow, and blue-white black or white add. By combining primary colors, we get secondary colors, orange, green, and purple. By combinations, in this way, it is possible to make a color wheel of an infinite number of colors.
In making a color scheme, the following combinations may be used effectively:
MONOCHROMATIC: Monochromatic color harmony is the harmony of different tints or shades of one hue. (White added to a color produces what is referred as a tint, and black added to a color provides a shade). Thus monochromatic harmony is the balance of different values of the same hue. To produce monochromatic color harmony, white or black is added to a definite tone. This should not be confused with “graying” a color, which changes its strength but does not result in what is termed a tint or shade. This color scheme is a monotonous, antiseptic combination difficult to use effectively. When used effectively, it can provide a subtle and glamorous background. It is suitable for every bright personality. The major color should predominate. The sequence should be gradual. It is usual to add a complementary or contrasting color for accent.
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ANALOGOUS: Analogous color harmony is the balance of colors which are close to one another on the color wheel. Such colors harmonize well if not too widely separated in the spectrum: otherwise, they will clash. For instance, blue and purple blend since they are close together in the spectrum, while blue and red clash since they are neither close together in the spectrum nor complementary.
COMPLIMENTARY: Complementary color harmony is the balance of colors which are directly opposite one another on the color wheel. To achieve mutual harmony, however, the judgement must be used as to quantities and position. One color looks best in the presence of a small portion of its complement rather than an equal part. The best rule to follow is to use the addition of a color sparingly to “set off” the original color.
“SPLIT” COMPLEMENTARY harmony consist of a single hue opposite two nearby hues with the exact complement omitted, for example, blue and red-orange and yellow-orange.
TRIADIC: Triadic color harmony is the harmony of the colors which are at the points of an equilateral triangle superimposed on the color wheel (as green, orange, and purple). By moving the triangle on the wheel, the two triadic harmonizing colors for any hue can be determined. If the triangle is moved, so one point is at green-yellow, it is found that orange-red and purple-blue are the colors to combine with green-yellow for triadic harmony.
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MUTUAL COMPLEMENT: A color with a group of colors analogous to its complement.
DOUBLE COMPLEMENT: The split complement carried at both second ends of the line; e.g., red, orange, green, blue.
SPLIT MUTUAL COMPLEMENT: The same principle, with the original color divided into its two adjoining colors., which you already have. Then choose the scheme which will combine these colors effectively, nothing any new colors which may be added to complete the harmonious picture.
One way to select a color scheme you will like is to look through your wardrobe, note the costumes which you like to wear and use these color schemes as the basis for your room.