Mark location and arrangement of shrubbery. Review available literature and plans for ornamental planting. Note how the brush can be used most attractively. Select suitable kinds of varieties. Give particular attention to the following factor: Height of growth; the texture of foliage and flowers, color of leaves, flowers, berries.
Winter effect. Use varieties native to your locality as far as possible. Estimate the quantity of each type and variety that you will need. Secure planting stock. Shrubs are available from the following sources. Local wild growths in surrounding country. Neighbors who are resetting or thinning out plantings. Nurseries or dealers. Transplant or secure cuttings or seeds of native wild plants.
Make special trips about the community, keeping an eye open suitable materials. The stock should be ordered well in advance of the time for setting out. Prepare stock for planting. Cut off smoothly all bruised and broken root ends before planting. Trim out excessive or broken top growth. Keep roots dampened and well covered to prevent drying out while transplanting or while waiting to transplant. If planting is delayed for several days, the plants should be stored in a cool, damp place or “heeled in” by burying the roots in a shallow trench and keeping them well moistened. Plants moved in warm or dry weather be carefully protected against root drying and must be given a more severe top pruning.
You can read: Steps in Making and Maintaining Lawn – Part Two
Plant shrubs. Avoid planting in the heavy soil when too wet. Dig holes sufficiently large to receive all the roots without crowding or bending, and deep enough to allow for filling in with rich top soil under the roots. Place in the hole a layer of fertile soil or a small amount of well-rotted manure mixed thoroughly with soil.
Place the plant in the hole, making sure that the roots are spread out naturally without bending or breaking. The plant should be slightly deeper than it stood originally. Work great topsoil carefully about the roots, packing it down firmly. Make sure that no spaces are left under the roots. Tamp the soil firmly as you fill the hole. Use the only topsoil. When the hole is about filled, pour a bucket of water slowly around the roots.
When it has soaked away, finish filling the hole without additional tramping. Protect new plantings. Water the newly planted shrubs occasionally if the weather is dry. Cultivate around the new plants frequently. Protect with stakes or a wire netting from tramping or other damage.
Prune shrubbery was necessary. The kind and amount of pruning vary with the type of shrubs. Shrubs should be kept at their natural height, and little top pruning should be done; cut out the dead wood; occasionally remove old branches entirely so that the plant is constantly renewing itself from the bottom. Cut all branches smoothly just above a crotch.
You can read: Steps in Making and Maintaining a Lawn
The time for pruning depends upon the variety or kind of shrub and the time of blooming. As a general rule, prune any flowering shrub several months before blooming, so that there will be time for new wood to be formed for the following season. Fall-blooming shrubs may be pruned early in the spring. Control pests and disease.