Find the best tips about maintaining a lawn here at householdpedia.com. Locate and lay out dimensions of lawn. If one-third of a stand of grass is available to start with, it is better to renovate it than to dig it up and start over. Keep the front lawn broad and open in the center, framed by trees and shrubs about its borders. Mark of lawn areas with stakes.
Grade, level, and provide drainage. Leave natural curves and slopes but grade lawn sufficiently to get proper drainage away from the buildings and a smooth surface that can be easily moved. Do not classify land when the soil is wet. Round of steep embankments. Keep earth high enough about buildings and walks so that water will drain away from them. Lay tile, if necessary, in the tight subsoil. When an outlet is available.
Prepare seedbed. Prepare or apply a good thick layer of topsoil (4 to 6 inches) free from weeds and high in humus and plant food. The seedbed should be plowed to a good depth, well compacted with 1 inch of fine topsoil on top. Plow or spade the ground 4 to 5 inches thick, well in advance of seeding time. Rake or harrow occasionally to destroy weed growth. Pulverize the soil well. Where natural oil is very infertile or sandy or where topsoil has been removed, spread good topsoil thoroughly disked or properly mixed with the top soil. For quicker starting apply well-routed barnyard manure, free from straw, trash and weed seeds. Mix well into soil – about 1 pound per square foot.
Suitable seed. Purchase the recommended variety of mixture from a reliable source located locally.
Sow seeds in the morning or evening of a day when there is no wind and just before a rain if possible. Seeds in the fall northern and eastern states, and in the spring in the southern states. Fall seeding of bluegrass and redtop is generally recommended for all regions. Follow local recommendations for other varieties or mixtures. Usually quantity of seed required is 1 pound for 400 square feet for re-seeding, 1 pound for 200 square feet for new seeding. Mixtures for most lawns may contains varying quantities of rye grass, fescue, bent, clover, redtop, and Kentucky bluegrass. Fall sowing should be made early enough to allow grass to get a good start before winter. Use plenty of seed. Sow one-half the amount of seed to be used in parallel strips until the entire lawn is covered; sow the remaining one-half of the seed in strips at right angles to the first half sow. After sowing, roll the surface of drag carefully or rake lightly.
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Protect and care for new seeding. Prevent slopes from washing. Soak thoroughly if dry weather prevails. Clip the new grass when 3 to 4 inches high. Do not cut too loose.
Maintain fertility of the soil. Apply well-rotted, finely pulverized stable or poultry manure at the rate of 20 to 50 pounds per 1000 square feet, preferably in early fall. Use, occasionally, top dressing of a compost consisting of about equal parts of manure, sand, and loam which is highly beneficial to lawns. Water the lawn thoroughly after each application of fertilizer.
Mow the lawn. Cut the grass frequently but not too close.
Roll the lawn. One good rolling after the frost is out the lawn thoroughly once a week during dry weather. The evening is the best time to water unless lawns contain bents and fescues which are preferably y watered in the early morning.
Control weeds effectively by securing good drainage; keeping the lawn well supplied with plant food to ensure the vigorous growth of grass, keeping a good thick stand of grass.