Mark location and general arrangement of flower planting. Make your landscape diagram and the actual layout of your home grounds to determine most desirable locations for flower plantings. Work out an arrangement to display all varieties most effectively. If viewed from one side only, the tall plants should be placed in the rear, little plants at the front, with an intermediate height between. If plantings may be viewed from all sides, the tallest plants should be placed in the center with the lowest around the outer edges. From this article we can learn about step in growing flowers.
Select popular types and varieties. Make use of all kinds; annual, biennials, perennials, bulbs, ferns, mosses, and special grasses. Perennials are the most useful group for ornamentations as they require less work than annuals biennials and relatively permanent year after year. But perennial flowers only for a few weeks. Annuals need replanting each year, but flowers remain all seasons. Biennials, due to the fact they produce flowers the second year, are not so generally useful as annuals or perennials.
Annuals are the flowers commonly used for color during midsummer; biennials and perennials for spring and fall. Group flowers for mass color effect. Good results are usually obtained by using the following colors together, scarlet and blue, yellow and purple. Combinations not so pleasing are; orange and purple, bright red and violet, scarlet and pale lavender. White or neutral colors which blend are effective in producing a harmonizing color effect. Consider the approximate date of blooming and select varieties that bloom at different times to have a continuous display of flowers somewhere about the ground gardens.
Prepare soil – spade to good depth all areas to be planted with flowers. Provide fertile loamy soil high in humus and well drained. If the ground is fragile, excavate the beds to be planted to flowers to a depth of 2 feet and filled with good top soil. The removed soil may be sandy, mix with clay soils; if very thick, mix with sand and leafmold or wood ashes. Work with the liberal soil quantities or well-rotted stable manure, hen manure, sheep manure, or cottonseed meal. Small areas which are very poorly drained may be improved by excavating to a depth of 3 feet, placing a thick layer of stones or gravel in the bottom, and replacing the soil above. Work te soil thoroughly to make an excellent, closely compacted seed or root bed.
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Secure planting material. Provide flower plants for the home garden in the following ways, depending upon the variety and method available. By planting seeds-indoors in boxes and later transplanting in the open; or outdoors in the late summer in single beds to be replanted later; or outdoors where they are to be grown. By purchase of seedlings ready to transplant. By transplanting division should have a good portion of root growth. By planting bulbs, by planting stem or leaf cuttings. Most annuals are best started by use of seeds and seedlings. Most perennials are best started by using entire plants or divisions of the root or bulbs.
Grow seedlings. Study the requirements of the varieties you select. Some plants must be sown where they are to grow since they do not stand being moved. Most plants, however, are improved by transplanting and seedlings. In some cases, the seeds may be sown in bed out of doors; others must be started indoors or hotbeds for greatest success. For outdoor seeding proceed as follows. Select a favorable location for the seedbed, partially protected from the hot sun and drying winds. Prepare an excellent, mellow, well-compacted seedbed that will not become crusty and baked. Sow the seeds in rows 2 to 4 inches apart. Seedlings in rows may be more easily cultivated and weeded. Cover the seeds to proper depth according to size – very lightly or none at all for tiny seeds – and compact the soil firmly. Sprinkle the surface without washing the soil until thoroughly soaked. Keep crust broken up around seedlings and weeds removed. Thanks for reading step in growing flowers, we hope this article useful for us.