Trees, shrubs, vines, grasses, and flowers should be selected to harmonize with the size of the house, the background, and functional requirements, as well as the considerations of soil, climate and care required.
Step ini developing a landscape plan for home grounds:
- Prepare a diagram of house, walks and drives, lawndesires, surrounding area, and areas which are landscape.
- Check general plan with fundamental principles of home landscaping.
- Provide for adequate drainage.
- Indicate location and type of trees, shubbery, flowers beds and flower gardens. As a rule trees are used in the following ways in the home landscape plan:
- To provide an attractive frame of backgound for buildings and grounds.
- To provide shade around buildings and yards.
- To provide a screen or to soften the outlines of buildings.
- To provide ornamental effects by shape folliage, or flowers.
- To provide protection againts wind and snow.
- To border a long, straight road or driveway.
- Indicate arrangement of shruberry, flower beds and flower gardens. Use shrubs chiefly in:
- Foundation plantings – low – growing shruberry massed about the base and corners of buildings – to soften the straight harsh foundation lines; to partially screen foundation should be exposed, however, to give an appearance of solidity to be buildings unless pjn or open foundations are used.
- Screen plantings – tall shruberry – to hide objectionable views, to partially screen fences or buildings, or to give privacy to certain areas.
- Clumps or group about the juctions or curves in walks or drives to relieve inartistic lines and to suggest a reason for curves. These should not be so high as to hide traffic at intersections.
- Groups or masses about the borders and in corners of yards to soften the straight line effect of boundaries.
- Hedges of various heights ro separate property boundaries or different units of planting design, to form borders in formal gardens, or to seclude one portion of the grounds from another.
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- Consider the following places for flowers:
- Small formal flower garden in a more or less secluded portions of the grounds.
- Informal garden plantings in clumps or in beds of irregular design ar arrangement.
- Border plantings around vegetable garden.
- Foreground grouping or clumps among the shruberry plantings.
- Rock gardens or other special features. Arrange all flower plantings so that they will blend into the general landscape picture, adding touches of color and beauty to the whole design. Avoid isolated or conspicuous flower beds that have no relation to toher ornamental.
- As the plan develops, vine, hedges, ornamental plantings, or special features may be needed.
- Stake out locations on home grounds.
- Select suitable plants and seeds from nursery, store, friends.
- Make planting schedule. Remember planting dan frost seasons advance northward approximately about 15 miles a day.