Painting: Remove loose bristles by ruffling or brushing over the palm. Dip the brush 1 to 2 inches into the paint but not more than half way. After the first dip, wipe paint out of brush against stick laid over paint can to remove other loose bristles. Hold brush handle with fingers. For relief, hold the brush as you would a tennis racket. Stroke wood first with the grain, then across the grain, and finally with the grain at a 90º angle.
Paint may be applied over stain if water stain or non-grain raising stain has been used. Otherwise, the surface should first be shellacked (1 or 2 coats) or treated with aluminum paint.
Paint brush size: 7/8 inch oval paint brush, 3-inch Flat paint brush, 4-inch Flat paint brush, 1-7/8 inch oval varnish brush, 2-1/2 inch Flat varnish brush, 1-1/2 inch flat varnish brush.
Start with the top and work down. Tables and chairs should be turned upside down.
Paint Brushes: The best brushes are made of long hog bristles, tight and springy, with center bristles slightly longer, tapering smoothly to a straight, narrow edge. Good brushes are also made of nylon bristles. Cheaper is made of horsehair.
The type of work determines the best brush to be used. Never use a brush used for paint which has been used for varnishing, as it tends to create a cloudy film.
Another type of brushes: 7-inch Calcimine Brush, Stencil brush, Steel wire brush, 13/16″ stencil brush, painter’s round dust brush, artist camel’s hair brush, 1/4 inch artist’s bristle brush, 1/2 inch artist bristle brush.
You can also read: How To Use Paint – Part One
The Painter Needs: Extra cans, paint thineer, sandpaper, wire brush, stainers, brushes, steel wool, scraper, paddles, drop cloths, putty, linseed oil, ladders.
Which Paint Brush To Use
Ceilings : large flat
Floors : Large varnish
Furniture (Wicker) : 1-2 inch flat, spray gun
Furniture (Wood) : 1-2 inch flat
Pipes : oval
Radiators : flat
Moldings : small varnish, sash tool
Trim, narrow, edges : varnish, sash tool
Walls : 4 inch flat brushes, spray gun
Windows : small varnish, sash tool
Large areas : flat wall brushes 3-5 inches wide or oval brushes
Sash work : thin brushes 2-3 inches wide
General use : 1 ½ inches wide
Varnish : intermediate with 1-4”
Water paint : wide brushes with coarse bristles
Interior Painting : 6 inch brushes or paint rollers (with or without designs)
Whitewashing : coarse, vegetable fiber brushes
Concrete Paint : coarse, vegetable fiber brushes
Storing Brushes: It usually pays to have good brushes and to take care of them. Brushes should be cleaned, suspended in a thinning liquid (linseed oil or turpentine for paint, turpentine for varnish brush, shellac brushes in denatured alcohÔl, lacquer thinner). Thorough cleaning after use may be given by washing with yellow kitchen soap. Brushes which contain old, dried paint should first be soaked in turpentine or commercial paintbrush cleaners. Brushes which have been cleaned and dried may be wrapped in paper and laih flat. If possible, label adn use brushes for the same purpose each time.
Commercial close containers containing solvents called brush conditioners are available. (similar containers are easily made).
Rollers: For walls and ceilings, rollers may be substituted for brushes. They are easier for the amateur to hadle, take on more paint than a brush, and cover more than twice the area per stroke. They eliminate dripping. A pleasing texture results from this method.
To use, pour paint in a shallow pan, prop the pan so that paint covers 2/3 of bottom, roll in roler, wipe off excess on the dry 1/3 of the pan. Start 3 feet from the ceiling, work up, then down. Do 3 strips, then apply roller horizontally. Use a small brush to reach corners and edges.
Spraying: This save time, is easy to do, but must be done correctly. Practice before beginning work to get proper distance and technique and avoid unequal paint distribution.
Gun should be held at right angle to surface, 6 to 10 inches away, and moved parallel to the surface. Spraying at an angle or with disproportioned time in one area will give unequal distribution paint. Regulate thickness of the cost by adjusting the speed of paint flow and trigger action. Keep spray clean.
Preparing paint: Even ready-mixed paints must be well shaken or stirred with a stick before using, as pigments tend to settle. It is the best to remove top liquid first and add it back as needed as you mix. Then pour back and forth to insure smooth flow. Paint should have the consistency of heavy sweet cream when ready to use.
Powder or paste paints should be dumped into a can and mixed with lukewarm water until proper consistency is reached. Oil paint in paste form is thinned with mineral spirits.
Paints may be made thinner by adding the proper thinner – water for water paints, casein or calcimine, turpentine or benzine, or lacquer thinner for oil pants, etc. Remove lumps by straining through wire stainer or cheesecloth.