Fresh flower or leaves are excellent decorative accessories, need not be expensive. Now we talk about flower arrangement. Rule of thumb for height: Tall containers-flowers twice the height of the container: Low containers-add height plus width: Cut the stem of choice flow for the highest point. For a small design, substitute a line of length for the line height.
Have a design, a pattern. Start with a triangle in three dimensions. Place second flower right and forward; the third flower to the left, opposite the second. Add more flowers of different lengths to fill. Let buds and tendrils fall naturally regardless of height or position.
Consider container and flowers as one piece. Work main design lines down to the mouth of the bottles.
Select a focal point to which the eyes should be drawn. Place best blooms at this point. Lines should run toward this point. The coordinator should be low in the arrangement. Open roses, gardenias, camellias, make good administrators.
Leave some empty spaces toward edges to avoid confusion in the design.
Basic patterns may evolve around a triangle, a fan effect, column, crescent, oval, circle, S curve, etc. Avoid a square or zigzag line. The design should be similar to or contrast with the design of the container.
Table centerpieces should be small. Paired arrangements should be made so that, placed together, they would appear as one harmonious display.
The design should be in the balance, preferably in an asymmetrical balance. A figure in the container may restore color in flower, etc. Avoid mathematical precision.
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Flowers fall into two group-round shapes (roses, carnations, tulips, daisies, zinnias, chrysanthemums) and elongated or spear shapes (gladioli, snapdragon, Veronica, holly-hocks, delphinium, etc.). A suitable arrangement combines both. If one form is not available, leaves or ferns may be of help.
Sort colors first. Colors should be arranged light at the top, dark at the bottom. If you have various shades of one color, graduate them. But if only a few blooms are dark, use them as an accent, at the top or focal point desired. Apply the usual rules of color harmony and color psychology.
Flowers should harmonize in texture with each other and with container and tablecloth; also, if possible, with the furnishing and style of the room itself. Delicate, fine-textured flowers do not mix well with thick, coarse ones.
Flowers may be held with needle holders, available in various sizes and shapes. A variety of them should be accessible. Some owners tend to rust. Holders of large flowers should be anchored or wired or held together with modeling clay. Green linen thread is useful in tying stems and leaves. Broken stems may be braced with hairpins, wire or tooth picks. Emergency holders may be made of half grapefruit, shell, potato, a ball of chicken wire, paraffin, etc.
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Stones, shells, driftwood, seed pods, gourds, candles, fruit, gardens, gourds. Seeds, weeds, etc. may add to the display.
Special arrangement may be made with fruit, miniature gardens, gourds, seeds, weeds, etc.
The container may be a vase, cup, teapot, mixing bowl, jar, pie plate, pewter. Sliver or copperware, umbrella stand, etc. To open a party open bud, blow vigorously.