A flower bed is an enrichment for every garden. It not only looks beautiful, but also promises best harvests. Hobby gardeners use it more and more often for vegetable cultivation. Thanks to the increased heat within the high beet, ripe fruits and vegetables are faster and can be harvested more quickly. Those who are convinced of the advantages of the high-flower bed, who do not hesitate long and are immediately at work. Whether purchased as a kit or built as soon as the frame construction is finished, the question arises: how do you fill and plant the flower bed properly? You will find out in this article what you should consider when creating, a bed and how to properly coat the bed. Please enjoy the article about Create a Flower Bed below!
When to create a bed?
Autumn and spring are generally the best seasons to put on a raised bed. To do this you need many different organic materials. They contain many nutrients that stimulate plant growth. Since the garden waste is usually available in autumn, this season is also the best time to fill a high-bed. Ideally, you put a flower bed in autumn for the following year. So the layers have enough time to sit down. Not quite optimal, but still possible is a plant in the spring when the garden is brought to the foreman.
How to create a high bed?
Determine the right size and height for your needs. High beds vary in height depending on planting – from 25 cm to one meter. For potatoes, for example, a low bed with a height of 30 cm is sufficient. Those who suffer from back pain and prefer to work in standing, should build their high bed in a comfortable height of 80 – 100 cm.
The ideal measure for a high bed is a width of 0.80 cm and a length of 2 meters. The length of course depends on the available space, but the width must not be more than 130 centimeters, so that the plants remain easily accessible.
The high bed should ideally be placed in the north-south direction, as the sun can be used in the best way. The short sides of the high beet should show to the west and east.
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Take into account also enough space to run around the whole high bed without obstacles and a problem-free access with large garden equipment such as a wheelbarrow. If you wish, you can also place several beds next to each other.
Create a raised bed
Before filling the bed, you should consider whether you want to use it as a bed for ornamental plants or crops. Flowers are not as demanding as crop plants, but filling the vegetable high beet is the most important step for a successful harvest.
Among other things, the advantage of a high-flower bed is that it is independent of the soil quality of the garden. The flexibility in the composition of the filling allows the best possible soil conditions to be put together specifically for the requirements of the plants. All layers should be about the same height. In general, the product is becoming more and more refined.
Underground must not necessarily consist of fertile topsoil, but can also be paved. This is why urban gardening friends can also look forward to self-made vegetables, herbs and fruit. The additional excavation of Mother Earth in the garden can, however, sustainable stabilize the raised bed. In order to avoid problems with rodents, you should lay out the floor of your high-bed with a wire mesh before filling.
Wooden beds are lined with foil from the inside to protect against rot. For example, a natural stone bed is not necessary. The film prevents liquid from penetrating through the sheathing, so pond films are a logical choice. However, you can also use other slides. If you want to use the beet to grow vegetables, make sure that pollutants from the material of the film do not migrate to the ground in the raised bed.
First layer: Drainage layer
This layer consists of branches, branches, bark, chips, pottery, large pebbles, clay. The drainage prevents water from accumulating on the raised bed. Mix the cut waste with some soil to fill large holes.
Second layer – Grass with vegetation down
Next, a layer of garden waste is followed, so that smaller parts of upper layers cannot trickle down. Alternatively you can use cardboard box.
3rd layer – foliage, straw & coarse compost
Now follows a layer of collecting foliage, horse dung and coarsely disassembled compost. This layer contains the micro-organisms that support the rotting process and provide the important nutrients. Beneficial like earthworms are also welcome to enrich the soil.
Fourth layer – Planting Layer
The last layer on the raised bed is the planting layer. It consists of high-quality flower soil for planting. Use special finished compost soil. Those who fire their fireplace with wood can use the ash as fertilizer in the raised bed.
Lifetime of a high-flower bed
The raised bed decreases with time by about 10 to 15 centimeters. This is a natural process, as the material in the interior rots and loses volume. For perennial cultivation, the raised bed, must always be filled with mulch, compost or soil. The nutrient content of the soil is exhausted after 5 to 7 years and it should be completely renewed.
Which plants are in the beetles?
In principle, all plants can be placed in the garden. In order to achieve a good harvest, you should inform yourself in advance of which plants can be placed in the beet. Different types of vegetables, for example, have different nutrient requirements. You can also benefit from certain plant combinations, while some varieties should never be planted next to each other.
Create a flower bed for vegetables
During the first year, they should grow, particularly nutrient-hungry vegetables due to increased nitrate levels. For example, tomatoes, aubergines, cabbage, potatoes, zucchini, cucumbers, onions, carrots.
From the second year onwards, they can grow more nitrate-storing plants because the nitrate pollution of the nutrient-rich soil is already considerably reduced. Include fennel, garlic, lettuce, onions, paprika. In the second year, radishes, beet-root, cabbage, and spinach can still be planted.
Only from the third year you can also find weak hungering herbs and salad plants. Schwachzehrern include peas, beans, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, cauliflower and kohlrabi.
When planting, it makes sense to create mixed crops in the flower bed. So a combination of different plants that thrive well together and can even have a positive influence on each other. This also prevents one-sided nutrient extraction. Another advantage is that the plants can protect each other from pests. For example, cutting celery protects cabbage crops from caterpillars and fleas.
Especially, well, cucumbers grow together with dill or carrots with onions. Potatoes are particularly tasty when caraway or coriander are next to it. A mixture of flowers and vegetables can also promote the insect approach and thus increase the harvest. This is especially true for tomatoes, pumpkins and so on.