Stove: Stove should be wiped after each meal. They also need careful cleaning every week, or they become so caked with soot and grease that it is impossible to restore them to their original condition. The porcelain enamel surface that protects the steel beneath is a king of glass.
Though hard, it will break with sudden changes of heat and cold, or hard blows. If the enamel does chip, touch up damaged spot carefully with paint, recommended by your range dealer. It may look patchy but it’s better than exposed places that invite rust. Guard against scratches-don’t drag pans or anything rough across your enamel range top.
Enamel is easily kept clean with a cloth wrung out of soapy water. Abrasives roughen the enamel and metal trim, and their use will not be necessary if the stove is wiped after each meal, and if food that boils over is wiped up immediately.
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Surface burner need regula, through cleaning. Take them out, brush away food or dust particles with a stiff brush. Use a brush also to clean the air shutter. If openings in the burners are clogged, use a fine wire to clean them. Beware of toothpicks; they may break and further clog the burner.
Clean cast-iron burners by boiling them for a short time in a solution of 1 tablespoon of washing soda to 3 quarts of water. Then wash in soap and water. Use a bottle brush to clean the inside of the tube leading to the burner head. Rinse the burners in clear water and wipe dry. Put them upside down in the warm oven for a few minutes to dry thoroughly before replacing.
Burners of materials other than cast iron should not be boiled in soda water. A soap and water bath will usually clean them satisfactorily, with the aid of scratchless scouring powder and fine steel wool. Clean the pilot light porthole with a fine wire carefully inserted. Clean the top burner pilots with a soft wire brush.
To remove spilled grease from oven, saturate cloths with ammonia solution, place them in oven over night, scrub out spots with soap and water. Repeat it necessary.
To remove fats, heat and pour off while hot. Cool fat may be removed with a rubber scraper, then with paper towel or newspaper.
To remove grease from a single burner, hold it over the flame of another burner. To remove rust from a stove, use fine sandpaper or emery cloth. To blacken or polish a stove, rub with wax paper dipped in stove polish, a few pinches of brown sugar and strong leftover of coffee, and apply the mixture. To prevent rust on a stove, keep the surface covered with mineral oil, kerosene or lard for short periods several times a year. To remove soot from glass of an oven, wash with baking soda.